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IAS

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IAS Syllabus 2018: Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will release the detailed syllabus for all the papers preliminary and mains examination of IAS 2018. The IAS syllabus will be made available along with the official notification on February 7, 2018. Aspirants preparing to appear for the exam should check the detailed syllabus of IAS for better preparation. The knowledge about the syllabus will help the candidates to know the topics under each section and paper. Candidates should also know the paper pattern along with the IAS 2018 syllabus to understand the format of the question paper. As per the paper pattern of IAS, preliminary exam of IAS will consist of two papers whereas the mains examination will have 7 papers in all. The preliminary exam of IAS 2018 will be objective and is qualifying in nature. The marks secured by candidates in the prelims will not be taken into account for the final result. The mains examination is of descriptive mode and based on candidate’s performance in the mains exam and personality test, final result of IAS will be declared. Candidates can check details of IAS syllabus 2018 and paper pattern given below.

IAS Syllabus 2018 -Exam Overview

All important details about the IAS 2018 exam have been given in the table below for the reference of candidates.

IAS 2018 Highlights

Specifications Remarks
Number of Stages
  • Stage 1 – Preliminary Exam
  • Stage 2- Mains Exam
  • Stage 3 – Personality Test/Interview
Number of Papers Preliminary Exam

  • Paper 1 – General Ability Test (GAT)
  • Paper 2 – Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT)

Mains Exam

  • Paper A- One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidates from the Language included in the 6th Schedule of the Constitution
  • Paper B- English
  • Paper 1 – Essay
  • Paper 2 – General Studies I
  • Paper 3 – General Studies II
  • Paper 4 – General Studies III
  • Paper 5 – General Studies IV
  • Paper 6 – Optional Subject 1
  • Paper 7 – Optional Subject 2
Total Marks of Exam
  • Preliminary Exam: 400 marks
  • Mains Exam: 1750 marks

IAS Syllabus 2018 – Exam Pattern

Candidates appearing for the exam need to know the complete IAS exam pattern to understand the complete scheme of examination in terms of number of questions, number of sections, marking scheme.,etc. The paper pattern for prelims and mains of IAS has been given below.

IAS 2018 preliminary paper pattern

  • According to the IAS exam pattern of last year, the preliminary exam consists two papers i.e. General Ability test (GAT) and the Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT) meant to test the candidates on their analytical skills
  • The questions in the preliminary exam of IAS 2018 will be objective and each question will have 4 choices as answers
  • There is provision of negative marking in the preliminary exam as stated in IAS 2018 exam pattern. 1/4 of the total marks allotted to questions will be deducted as negative marking for an incorrect answer

IAS Exam Pattern 2018 for the preliminary examination: Check table

Serial Number Name of Paper Marks Allotted
Paper 1: General Ability Test (GAT) 200 Marks
Paper 2: English Language and Aptitude 200 Marks
Total 400 Marks

IAS Exam Pattern 2018 for the Mains Examination

  • The IAS 2018 mains exam will comprise of 9 papers divided in two types – qualifying papers and papers to be counted for merit formation
  • As per the IAS exam pattern out of the 9 papers, 2 are qualifying in nature i.e. their marks will not be added in the final result
  • Candidates will have to appear for all the 9 papers and failing in any one of the qualifying papers will lead to cancellation of candidature of the aspirant

IAS Exam Pattern 2018 – List of papers for the mains examination

S. No. Name of the Paper Marks
Qualifying Papers
1 Paper A- One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidates from the Language included in the 6th Schedule of the Constitution 300 Marks
2 Paper B- English 300 Marks
Papers to be counted for merit
3 Paper 1 – Essay 250 marks
4 Paper 2 – General Studies I 250 marks
5 Paper 3 – General Studies II 250 marks
6 Paper 4 – General Studies III 250 marks
7 Paper 5 – General Studies IV 250 marks
8 Paper 6 – Optional Subject 1 250 marks
9 Paper 7 – Optional Subject 2 250 marks
Total 1750 marks

IAS Syllabus 2018 -Details

The detailed syllabus for the preliminary and mains examination of IAS 2018 has been given below for reference of candidates.

IAS Syllabus 2018: Preliminary Examination

General Ability Test

  • Current events of national and international importance
  • History of India and Indian National Movement
  • Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance -Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization General Science.

Civil Services Aptitude Test

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)
  • English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level)

IAS Syllabus 2018 Main Examination

Qualifying Papers

Along with the 7 papers in the Main Examination, the candidates will have to qualify in two papers. the syllabus of the qualifying examination are as follows:

Paper A: Any Indian Language

For this candidates have to choose one language from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution. This exam is not compulsory for applicants hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Sikkim.

Paper B: English

This paper is conducted to test of aspirants and to check skills of aspirants in English and Indian Language concerned. Aspirants are selected on basis of some facts like how they understand these languages and how they express their ideas clearly and correctly.

The pattern of questions would be generally as follows:-

  • Comprehension of given passages
  • Precis Writing
  • Usage and Vocabulary

Syllabus for the Papers which are counted for Merit

Paper 1: Essay

Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and to write concisely Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

Paper 2: General Studies 1

  • (Indian Heritage/ Culture, World History & Geography)
  • Indian culture will cover the main feature of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from  to present times
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country
  • Post-independence consolidation and restructuring within the country

Part 3: General Studies 2

  • Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations
  • Functions and duties of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation
  • Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

Paper 4: General Studies 3

  • (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-Diversity, Environment, Security & Disaster Management)
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it
  • Government Budgeting
  • Development, Environment, Security and Disaster Management
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
  • Disaster and disaster management
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism
  • Land reforms in India

Paper 5: General Studies 4

  • (Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude)
  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence,  and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and ; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion
  • Emotional, and their utilities and application in administration and governance
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and
  • Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, and administrators; of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values

Paper 6 and 7: Optional 1 (Of your choice)/ Optional 2 (Of your choice)

Candidates can choose any optional from the subjects, which are given below:

List of optional subjects for Main Examination

  • Agriculture
  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Anthropology
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering
  • Commerce and Accountancy
  • Economics
  • Electrical Engineering Geography
  • Geology
  • History
  • Law
  • Management
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Medical Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Sociology
  • Statistics
  • Zoology
  • Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English

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