Gujarat becomes first state to implement 10 per cent quota for EWS in general category
[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani announced on January 13, 2019 that his government will implement the 10 per cent reservation for economically weaker sections of the general category with immediate effect.
The announcement comes less than a week after the Indian Parliament passed a constitutional amendment bill to facilitate 10 per cent reservation for upper castes in higher education and employment.
In a tweet, the Chief Minister said, “Happy to state that the Government Of Gujarat has decided to implement 10 per cent EWS reservation benefits from January 14. It will be implemented in all ongoing recruitment process too wherein there is the only advertisement published but the first stage of examination is yet to held.”
• The decision comes just a day after President Ram Nath Kovind gave his assent to the Constitutional amendment to provide the 10 per cent reservations to the upper castes.
• According to the state government’s notification, besides fresh recruitment, the new 10 per cent quota will be implemented in all ongoing recruitment processes where only advertisement has been published but the first stage of examination is yet to be held or the actual recruitment process has not started.
• In such cases, a fresh announcement about the admission process or jobs will have to be made.
• However, if the recruitment or admission process, tests or interviews, started before January 14, the new reservation would not apply.
Who will be covered under new 10 per cent quota?
The proposed amendment Bill will define Economically Weaker Section (EWS) as one having:
1. Annual household income below Rs 8 lakh
2. Agriculture land below 5 acres
3. Residential house below 1000 sqft
4. Residential plot below 100 yards in notified municipality
5. Residential plot below 200 yards in non-notified municipality area
A person whose family has a gross annual income below Rs 8 lakh will be identified as EWS for the benefit of reservation.
The household includes “the person who seeks the benefit of reservation, his, her parents and siblings below the age of 18 years as also his, her partner and children below the age of 18 years”.
Also, income will cover all sources such as salary, agriculture, business and profession.
The President of India, Ram Nath Kovind on January 12, 2019 gave his assent to the Constitution (103rd Amendment) Act, 2019 which aims to provide reservation in public employment and higher education to economically weaker sections in the general category.
The Rajya Sabha had passed the Constitution 124th (Amendment) Bill, 2019 on January 9, 2019 with 165 members voting in favour of it and seven voting against. The Lok Sabha had already given its approval to the bill a day earlier with over two-thirds of majority, with 323 members voting in favour and three voting against.
Prior to this, the Union Cabinet on January 7, 2019 had approved a proposal for the introduction of the bill. The bill extends 10 per cent quota to the economically weaker sections in the general category who are not covered by any of the existing schemes of reservation.